- Introduction ::Saint MartinBackground:Although sighted by Christopher COLUMBUS in 1493 and claimed for Spain, it was the Dutch who occupied the island in 1631 and set about exploiting its salt deposits. The Spanish retook the island in 1633, but continued to be harassed by the Dutch. The Spanish finally relinquished Saint Martin to the French and Dutch, who divided it between themselves in 1648. Friction between the two sides caused the border to frequently fluctuate over the next two centuries, with the French eventually holding the greater portion of the island (about 57%). The cultivation of sugar cane introduced African slavery to the island in the late 18th century; the practice was not abolished until 1848. The island became a free port in 1939; the tourism industry was dramatically expanded during the 1970s and 1980s. In 2003, the populace of Saint Martin voted to secede from Guadeloupe and in 2007, the northern portion of the island became a French overseas collectivity. In 2010, the southern Dutch portion of the island became the independent nation of Sint Maarten within the Kingdom of the Netherlands.Geography ::Saint MartinLocation:Caribbean, located in the Leeward Islands (northern) group; French part of the island of Saint Martin in the Caribbean Sea; Saint Martin lies east of the US Virgin IslandsGeographic coordinates:18 05 N, 63 57 WArea:total: 54.4 sq kmcountry comparison to the world: 231land: 54.4 sq kmwater: NEGLArea - comparative:more than one-third the size of Washington, DCLand boundaries:total: 15 kmborder countries: Sint Maarten 15 kmCoastline:58.9 km (for entire island)Climate:temperature averages 80-85 degrees all year long; low humidity, gentle trade winds, brief, intense rain showers; hurricane season stretches from July to NovemberElevation extremes:lowest point: Caribbean Ocean 0 mhighest point: Pic du Paradis 424 mNatural resources:saltNatural hazards:subject to hurricanes from July to NovemberEnvironment - current issues:freshwater supply is dependent on desalinization of sea waterGeography - note:the island of Saint Martin is the smallest landmass in the world shared by two independent states, the French territory of Saint Martin and the Dutch territory of Sint MaartenPeople and Society ::Saint MartinEthnic groups:Creole (mulatto), black, Guadeloupe Mestizo (French-East Asia), white, East IndianLanguages:French (official), English, Dutch, French Patois, Spanish, Papiamento (dialect of Netherlands Antilles)Religions:Roman Catholic, Jehovah's Witnesses, Protestant, HinduPopulation:31,264 (July 2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 216Age structure:0-14 years: 26.7% (male 4,157/female 4,196)15-24 years: 11% (male 1,768/female 1,681)25-54 years: 47.3% (male 6,972/female 7,822)55-64 years: 8.3% (male 1,217/female 1,379)65 years and over: 6.6% (male 928/female 1,144) (2013 est.)Median age:total: 31.5 yearsmale: 30.5 yearsfemale: 32.4 years (2013 est.)Sex ratio:at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female0-14 years: 0.99 male(s)/female15-24 years: 1.08 male(s)/female25-54 years: 0.88 male(s)/female55-64 years: 0.9 male(s)/female65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/femaletotal population: 0.93 male(s)/female (2013 est.)Education expenditures:NAGovernment ::Saint MartinCountry name:conventional long form: Overseas Collectivity of Saint Martinconventional short form: Saint Martinlocal long form: Collectivite d'outre mer de Saint-Martinlocal short form: Saint-MartinDependency status:overseas collectivity of FranceCapital:name: Marigotgeographical coordinates: 18 04 N, 63 05 Wtime difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)Independence:none (overseas collectivity of France)National holiday:Fete de la Federation, 14 July (1789); note - local holiday is Schoalcher Day (Slavery Abolition Day) 12 July (1848)Constitution:4 October 1958 (French Constitution)Legal system:French civil lawSuffrage:18 years of age, universalExecutive branch:chief of state: President Francois HOLLANDE (since 15 May 2012), represented by Deputy Prefect Philippe CHOPIN (since 16 November 2011)head of government: President of the Territorial Council Aline HANSON (since 17 April 2013)cabinet: Executive Council; note - there is also an advisory economic, social, and cultural council(For more information visit the World Leaders website )election: French president elected by popular vote to a five-year term; prefect appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of Interior; president of the Territorial Council elected by the members of the Council for a five-year termelection results: Aline HANSON elected president by the Territorial Council on 17 April 2013 (next to be held in 2018); note - Alaine RICHARDSON was removed from the postLegislative branch:unicameral Territorial Council (23 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)elections: last held on 18 and 25 March 2012 (next to be held in July 2017)election results: percent of seats by party - RRR 34.1%, Team Daniel Gibbs 2012 32%, UPP 13.3%, Saint-Martin pour tous 9.4%, other 11.2%; seats by party - NA; second round, percent of seats by party - RRR 56.9%, Team Daniel Gibbs 43.1%; seats by party - RRR 17, Team Daniel Gibbs 6note: Saint Martin elects one member to the French Senate; election last held on 21 September 2008 (next to be held in September 2014); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - UMP 1; one seat (shared with Saint Barthelemy) was elected to the French National Assembly on 17 June 2012 (next to be held by June 2017); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - UMP 1Political parties and leaders:Union Pour le Progres or UPP [Louis-Constant FLEMING]Rassemblement Responsabilite Reussite or RRR [Alain RICHARDSON]Reussir Saint-Martin [Jean-Luc HAMLET]Saint-Martin pour tousTeam Daniel GibbsPolitical pressure groups and leaders:NAInternational organization participation:UPUDiplomatic representation in the US:none (overseas collectivity of France)Diplomatic representation from the US:none (overseas collectivity of France)Flag description:the flag of France is usedNational symbol(s):brown pelicanNational anthem:name: ""O Sweet Saint Martin's Land""lyrics/music: Gerard KEMPSnote: the song, written in 1958, is used as an unofficial anthem for the entire island (both French and Dutch sides); as a collectivity of France, in addition to the local anthem, ""La Marseillaise"" remains official on the French side (see France); as a constituent part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, in addition to the local anthem, ""Het Wilhelmus"" remains official on the Dutch side (see Netherlands)Economy ::Saint MartinEconomy - overview:The economy of Saint Martin centers around tourism with 85% of the labor force engaged in this sector. Over one million visitors come to the island each year with most arriving through the Princess Juliana International Airport in Sint Maarten. No significant agriculture and limited local fishing means that almost all food must be imported. Energy resources and manufactured goods are also imported, primarily from Mexico and the United States. Saint Martin is reported to have the highest per capita income in the Caribbean.GDP (purchasing power parity):$561.5 million (2005 est.)GDP (official exchange rate):$561.5 million (2005 est.)GDP - per capita (PPP):$19,300 (2005 est.)GDP - composition, by sector of origin:agriculture: 1%industry: 15%services: 84% (2000)Industries:tourism, light industry and manufacturing, heavy industryLabor force:17,300 (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 212Labor force - by occupation:85% directly or indirectly employed in tourist industryImports - commodities:crude petroleum, food, manufactured itemsExchange rates:euros (EUR) per US dollar -0.7107 (2011 est.)0.755 (2010 est.)0.7198 (2009 est.)0.6827 (2008 est.)Communications ::Saint MartinTelephone system:general assessment: fully integrated accessdomestic: direct dial capability with both fixed and wireless systemsinternational: country code - 590; undersea fiber-optic cable provides voice and data connectivity to Puerto Rico and Guadeloupe (2009)Broadcast media:1 local TV station; access to about 20 radio stations, including RFO Guadeloupe radio broadcasts via repeater (2008)Internet country code:.mf; note - .gp, the Internet country code for Guadeloupe, and .fr, the Internet country code for France, might also be encounteredTransportation ::Saint MartinAirports:1 (2013)country comparison to the world: 231Airports - with paved runways:total: 1914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2013)Transportation - note:nearest airport for international flights is Princess Juliana International Airport (SXM) located on Sint MaartenMilitary ::Saint MartinManpower fit for military service:males age 16-49: 6,435females age 16-49: 6,967 (2010 est.)Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:male: 168female: 168 (2010 est.)Military - note:defense is the responsibility of France"
The World Factbook. 2014.
Look at other dictionaries:
Saint-Martin — oder St Martin steht für den Familiennamen von Albert Frédéric Saint Martin (1865–1947), kanadischer Sozialaktivist und militanter Sozialist Jacques Donnedieu de Saint Martin, französischer Staatsphilosoph Léonce de Saint Martin, französischer… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Saint Martin — ist der Familienname von Jacques Donnedieu de Saint Martin, französischer Staatsphilosoph Léonce de Saint Martin, französischer Komponist Louis Claude de Saint Martin (1743 1803), französischer Philosoph (Martinismus) Louis Vivien de Saint Martin … Deutsch Wikipedia
Saint-martin — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Pour l’article homonyme, voir Saint Martin (homonymie). Sommaire 1 … Wikipédia en Français
Saint Martin — Martin de Tours « Saint Martin » redirige ici. Pour Les noms de lieu, voir Saint Martin. Pour Les personnes, voir Martin. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Sai … Wikipédia en Français
Saint-Martin-de-Re — Saint Martin de Ré Pour les articles homonymes, voir Saint Martin. Saint Martin de Ré Vue des toits du centre ville depuis le clocher de l église … Wikipédia en Français
Saint-Martin de Ré — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Saint Martin. Saint Martin de Ré Vue des toits du centre ville depuis le clocher de l église … Wikipédia en Français
Saint-martin-de-ré — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Saint Martin. Saint Martin de Ré Vue des toits du centre ville depuis le clocher de l église … Wikipédia en Français
Saint Martin de Ré — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Saint Martin. Saint Martin de Ré Vue des toits du centre ville depuis le clocher de l église … Wikipédia en Français
SAINT-MARTIN (L. C. de) — Celui qui s’appelait lui même le «philosophe inconnu» apparaît aujourd’hui comme un des penseurs français les plus profonds, un des meilleurs écrivains du XVIIIe siècle. Il reste en tout cas le plus grand théosophe de son époque. Il se présente… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Saint-Martin-de-Ré — Saint Martin de Ré … Deutsch Wikipedia
Saint-Martin — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase San Martín. Saint Martin puede referirse a: Saint Martin, mancomunidad de municipios de Francia; Saint Martin, comuna suiza del cantón de Friburgo; Saint Martin, comuna suiza… … Wikipedia Español